Infertility is a medical condition characterized by the inability of a person or couple to conceive a child naturally after a year or more of regular, unprotected sexual intercourse. It’s important to note that infertility can affect both men and women and may be due to various underlying factors.
Diagnosis: If a couple suspects infertility, they should consult a healthcare provider or fertility specialist. Diagnosis typically involves a series of tests, including hormone tests, semen analysis for men, ultrasound, and sometimes more advanced procedures like hysterosalpingography (HSG) or laparoscopy.
Treatment: Treatment options for infertility depend on the underlying cause and may include:
Lifestyle changes: This can include weight management, reducing alcohol and tobacco use, and managing stress.
Medications: Fertility drugs may be prescribed to stimulate ovulation in women or improve sperm production in men.