Oligospermia is a medical condition characterized by a lower-than-normal sperm count in a man’s ejaculate. It is a common cause of male infertility and can make it more challenging for couples to conceive. Understanding oligospermia is crucial for those facing fertility issues, as it can impact the chances of achieving a successful pregnancy.
Sperm Count Threshold: Oligospermia is typically diagnosed when a man’s sperm count is below 15 million sperm per milliliter of semen. However, it’s essential to note that even lower sperm counts can still result in successful pregnancies with the help of assisted reproductive technologies Causes of Oligospermia: There are various factors that can contribute to low sperm count, including:
Oligospermia: Understanding Low Sperm Count
Oligospermia can have various underlying causes, including:
Lifestyle Factors: Unhealthy lifestyle choices, such as smoking, excessive alcohol consumption, drug use, and obesity, can negatively impact sperm production. Hormonal Imbalances: Hormonal disorders, such as low testosterone levels or thyroid problems, can affect the body’s ability to produce sperm.
Genetic Factors: Some genetic conditions can result in reduced sperm count.
Infections: Infections in the reproductive tract can damage sperm-producing structures, leading to oligospermia.
Varicocele: A varicocele is a swelling of veins in the scrotum, which can interfere with sperm quality and count.
Medications: Certain medications, including chemotherapy or steroids, can reduce sperm production.
Symptoms of Oligospermia:
Oligospermia itself may not present with noticeable symptoms. However, it can contribute to male infertility, which may manifest as difficulty conceiving with a partner. Other potential signs of an underlying issue may include sexual dysfunction or changes in sexual desire.
Radiation Exposure: Exposure to radiation, such as X-rays or radiation therapy, can harm sperm production.